|ANNALS OF AGRARIAN SCIENCE Vol. 4, No. 1, 2006
INFLUENCE OF NATURAL ZEOLITES ON SOME PROPERTIES OF SOIL
T.G. Andronikashvili, M.K. Gamisonia, M.A. Kardava
The influence of enrichment of the subtropical moist soils of the Western Georgian mordenite-phillipsite analcimecontaining rocks on some properties of soil is researched in the presented work. It is found that they render comparatively slight impact on rising of pH level of soil solutions. However, to a great extent it influences the value of reduction-oxidation potential of the soil, increasing the portion of reduction reaction. They also lead to increasing of retaining capacities of the soil regarding such nutritional elements of mineral fertilizers, as ammonium and phosphorus. This effect is very clearly demonstrated in the system of the acidic soils (red soil, podzolic) - analcimecontaining rocks.
SOIL SCIENCE: UNDE VENIS ET QUO VADIS ?
The article deals with identifity of soil science or pedology, some trends to consider for the future, new tools in soil science, some historical dates in soil science, improving the coordination and internal cohesion between the different branches of soil science, proposal to end the controversy or misunderstanding concerning soil science versus pedology: eupedology or geopedology.
INFLUENCE OF DIMETHOATE ON SOME AVAILABLE NUTRIENTS OF FERTILIZED SOIL, SEED GERMINATION, GROWTH AND NUTRIENTS UPTAKE BY WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM)
A. Mohammad and A. Moheman
The effect of dimethoate (O,O-dimethyl S-methylcarbamoylmethyl phosphorodithioate) on available nutrients of fertilized soil, seed germination, growth and nutrients uptake by wheat were examined and LSD at 5% calculated. The presence of dimethoate in the fertilized soil affects the availability of nutrients, seed germination, growth and nutrients uptake by wheat.The available nutrients in fertilized soil and their uptake by wheat were found to increase significantly at lower doses and smaller duration of application of dimethoate. Likewise, the availability of P and their uptake also increases significantly upto 5.0 ppm and for 30 days of dimethoate application. An irregular pattern was noticed for the availability of Mg at different doses and days of dimethoate application in fertilized soil. The beneficial effect on seed germination and growth was observed up to 5.0 ppm and 10.0 ppm of dimethoate respectively, thereafter a phytotoxic behaviour was observed. The results have been explained on the basis of soil microbial activity, solublization effect and chemical doses and duration.
CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF MONOOXYGENASE SYSTEM DURING XENOBIOTIC OXIDATION
M.V. Kurashvili, T.I.
Ananiashvili, E.A. Kiskeidze
Characteristics of inactivation process of cytochrome P450-containing monooxygenase system during the oxidative reactions, in which generation of free radicals takes place has been studied. It has been shown that cytochrome P450 loses monooxygenase activity and simultaneously acquires peroxidase activity. This effect is more evident after 3,4-benzpyrene oxidation. Use of tairon (4,5-dihydroxy-1,3,-disulphonic acid benzene) – low molecular analogue of superoxiddismutase indicates that during 3,4-benzpyrene oxidation process superoxide anion radicals’ formation occurs. It was supposed that exactly the superoxide anion radicals is the active intermediate, which is acting on cytochrome P450 heme and causes its chemical modification.
SOIL PLOWING MAIN TECHNOLOGIES ON THE WEED CONTROL AND YIELD IN FIELDS OF
F. U. Karapetyan, H. A.Aivazyan
During investigations we have found out, that in early spring in Ararat valley in order to get high quality forage row crop harvesting is preferable instead of tilling soil on the depth of 25-27 cm for triticale growing and soil surface tilling – on 14-16 cm.
RATIO OF FRUITFUL AND FRUITLESS SHOOTS ON THE
GROWTH AND YIELDING OF HAYASTAN GRAPE BUSHES
During 2002-2003 the influence of different versions of the ratio of fruitful and fruitless shoots on the growth and yield of Hayastan variety grape bushes was studied in RA Ararat valley conditions.At green operations on the experimental bushes the following ratio of the fruitful and fruitless shoots have been left: 1. one fruitful and one fruitless; 2. two fruitful and one fruitless; 3. three fruitful and one fruitless;4. one fruitful and two fruitless. Tests have been carried out on 45 bushes of each version in three repetitions (15 bushes). It has been ascertained that the versions of the fruitful and fruitless ratio is 2:1. At loading the bushes of Hayastan variety by 80 eyes on the average 41.6 fruitful and 20.8 fruitless shoots should be left on each of them , which provides 16.8 kg yield from one bush or 421 centner/ha at sugar content of 20.5 gr/100s³m and titringacidity 50gr/100dm³.
PECULARITIES OF EARLY SEED-FARMING ORGANIZATION IN ARARAT VALLEY
Until recently an unknown fruitful planting substance has, on the whole, been used, which was imported from foreign countries for cultivation of early-ripening potatoe in the Ararat Valley.Our aim was to organize a new system of seed-farming with the help of summer plantings in the Ararat Valley. It turned out that the planting subsance which was produced from the fresh tubers of Priekulski early-ripening and Impala sorts from the summer plantings during the first five days of July, has got higher signs of souring and that next year it will secure heavy harvest for spring plantings. The best results of old tubers have been secured under the condition of +2, +4 0C kept in a refrigerator in the period of planting up to the 15th of July.Our suggestion, concerning the seed-farming organization of early-ripening potatoe has been introduced in more than 30 peasant households, for more than 300 hectare in the Ararat Valley.
GROWING OF CHERRY SEEDING IN CONDITIONS OF PREMOUNTAIN ZONE (PRELIMINARY
G. S. Gabrielyan
Studies have been made in the soil climatic conditions of Kotayk Marz, in the village of Voghgaberd.In the industrial seedling place as a control seedling stack the specie of C. mahaleb Mill stock of Cerasus is used for the sorts of cherry.The results of the studies show that by high exit, the grafted seedling, useful for planting the Tsutsahandesain engrafting sort is the most remarkable to which the Drogana and Shusha cherry engrafting sorts give place by 8.3% and 11.3%. It is found out that the 3 studied engraftedg sorts of cherry after beeing combined with the specie C. mahaleb Mill seedling stack have given birth to high combinability. Especially remarkable is the Tsutsahandesain sort and comparatively low, the sorts of Drogana and Shusha Cherry.
TESTING OF NEW HERBICIDE KOLAPHEN IN WINTER WHEAT PLOTS
Kolaphen (49.4% phenagon + 0.5% glean) is a new herbicide. In winter wheat plots kolaphen provides more efficiency at the application rate of 0.6 l/ha, than widely used herbicides phenagon 1.0 l/ha and dialen-super 0.8 l/ha. In winter wheat plots the application of kolaphen destroys dicotyledonous annual (92.7-94.3%) and perennial (93.0-96.3%) weeds and increases yield capacity (10.5-16.4%).
CHANGING NUMBER OF SOIL NEMATOD IS AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT NORMS OF MINERAL
G.D. Agladze, I. V. Sarjveladze
In the complex study of biogeocoenosis the investigation of soil microflora plays an important role. The article deals with the results of experiments which aimed to determine the affect of applied mineral fertilizers upon the number of nematod in highland meadow soils of Main Caucasus Range and South Highlands of Georgia. It is ascertained that the increase of the number of nematod in the upper soil levels depends on the norms of applied nitrogen.
TENDENCY OF REPEATABILITY OF RAINFALL AND CHANGE OF THEIR AMOUNT AT VARIOUS
ANOMALIES OF TEMPERATURE OF AIR IN LOWER KARTLI
R.S. Meskhia, G.P. Gogichaishvili, T.T.Urushadze
The regularity of a secular course of repeatability of the anomaly of monthly rainfalls from perennial norm on ten years' average for the terrain of the Lower Kartli has been investigated. It shows differential analysis of change of rainfall amount at various gradation of anomalies of temperature of air according to network observation over the period 1901-2000.
ESTIMATION OF POTENTIAL BIOPRODUCTIVITY OF KOLCHETI VALLEY ON THE BASIS OF
T. T.Tourmanidze, L.K. Simonishvili
The methodology of a complex estimation of potential bio-effciency (bio-climatic potential) of agro-ecosistems is introduced on he basis of a quantitative estimation of energy (solar radiation, radiating balance), temperature (sum of active temperatures C) and conditions of humidity. The estimated balls of bioclimatic potential received by calculation are coordinated to productivity and economics (in money terms with 1 ha) of investigated lands. The correlation dependences between estimated balls of BCP and economic parameters of lands are built up, appropriate equations of regression are received. On the basis of accounts with their help is carried out regionalization of the territory of Georgia according to the potential bio-efficiency of the farm lands.
TORSION OF HIGH-RISE LARGE-PANEL BUILDING UNDER HORIZONTAL LOAD
S. A. Daveyan
The article deals with the results of studies of magnitude determination of torsion of high-rise, large-panel buildings under the horizontal load on the basis of the worked out theory of calculation. The elaborated theory allows considering the magnitude of the possible angle of twisting in the planning stage' providing by this high-rise stability, large-panel buildings towards external pertubable loads.
VIBRO-STEADINESS OF NON-CENTRAL GRINDING MACHINE WITH WIDE CIRCLES
There has been considered a problem of the increasing vibro-steadiness during the work on the non-central grinding machine by means of a tool set up which provides high value of correction coefficient for low harmonic vibration.
MECHANIZATION AND PERSPECTIVES OF SERICULTURE TECHNOLOGICAL OPERATIONS
E. D. Shapakidze
Questions of mechanization on the silkworm, developed at the Georgian State Agricultural University in 1980 – 2005 is considered. The technological circuit of preparation and preparation of forage, the introduction of caterpillars on the mechanized installations, clearing of cocoons and their transporting is given. The technological circuit of work of the mechanized shop for the introduction of caterpillars of a silkworm up to 15 boxes of caterpillars is described. The questions of manufacture of cocoons without waste technology and its prospects are discussed.
MULTILINKED STRUCTURAL-NONHOMOGENEOUS PRISMATIC SHELL CONSTRUCTION
R.B. Danelia, N.S. Kamkamidze
Method of definition of proper frequency and corresponding decrements coefficient, as well as optimal physical-mechanical and geometric parameters of structural-inhomogeneous constructions ensuring significant strengthening of ultimo dissipative behavior is offered.
MOUNTAINOUS RIVER WATER FLOW FORECASTS
Ts. Z. Basilashvili
The Forecasting method is based on a statistical model. Through application of various mathematical criteria, an optimal system is worked out from numerous potential predictors. By means of direct and backward development of multi-factorial dependencies the following are simultaneously investigated: decrease in the predictor numbers, earlier prediction and its accuracy and possibility of ignoring accompanying factors. For those, yet unstudied rivers, have been worked out common, regional prognosis. For each, separate range and region there have been worked out various, prognostic equations depending on the variety of information with different earliness (4-6 months) and perfection. It, in its turn, enables us to select them according to the available information, required promptness and accuracy. Timely warning about an oncoming danger enables us to avoid material loss incurred by the element. Early forecasts (a few months in advance) save us from the above as it enables to take certain safety measures in time and to minimize the loss to any possible extent.
INFLUENCE OF BEEF SPERM ON LEVEL OF GLUTAMINE FAMILY AMINO ACIDS AND ITS
EXCHANGE ENZYMES ACTIVITIES IN RAT
G.Ju. Marmaryan, A.K.
Hakobyan, A.M. Harutjunyan, R.G. Kamalyan
The influence of bovine sperm administration to rats on the glutamine family amino acids content in the brain, liver and blood plasma and its breakdown enzymes activities in the brain, leucocytes and blood plasma is investigated. It was shown, that one week after ontraperitoneal sperm admisitation to rats glutamine the content of brain and liver desreases and that of brain tends to falling. In the plasma the glutamic-oxalo-acetic transaminase activity icreases also. The data obtained support the fact of involvement of glutamine-glutaminase system in cell immune activity.
MEAT PRODUCTION OF SHEEP OF MAZEKH AND CORDIEL TYPES
Z. S. Pambukhchyan, S.A.
Breeding of the lambs of the current year in the pasture gives the opportunity to use optimally the gramma and permits produce cheap meat without using additional fodder.Lambs of 8 months of Mazekh and cordiel type were carved, 3 male and 3 female from each type.The mass of the male and female lambs of mazekh type before butchery was 36,60 and 34,47 kg, Meaty mass is accordingly 14,88 and 13,95 kg. Butchery output of the males is 41,74%, and of the females: 41,48%.The mass of carved lambs of cordiel type before butchery was 42,80 and 39,26 kg, Meaty mass is accordingly 18,13 and 17,18 kg. Butchery output is 43,30% and 44,73%. The specific part of the flesh was investigated. 96-97% of the flesh belongs to the first type. In all groups the flesh is 76,4-76,9% and the quantity of bones is 23,60-23,10%.The chemical mixture of the flesh was also investigated.
ANATOMICAL PECULIARITIES OF INTERNAL ORGANS OF SHEEP
G. T. Ramishvili,
In the presented work preparation was made on 12 corpse of sheep according to Vorobiov's famous method and anatomical peculiarities of nerves, ovarium and tuba uteniza nerves and lexus, and hypogastricus nerves and lexus, preaorticus, plexus nerves and lexus was studied. It was established that ovarium, tuba parts get nerves from: hypogastricus and plexus pelvina, sympatical stem of the lions and knots of the vertebral croup and pudendus nerve. Proportional changes at the anatomical parts of the plexus hollows, taking into consideration aging and physiological state of the animal causes size and form changes of the ovarium, tuba uteniza, uterus, vagina, vestibulum vagine and their nerves. It can be said that the size of the internal organs of the nerve branches, amount, from plexus, building and topographic of the plexus is asymmetrical. Their development is more clear on the right side than on the left one. In the enervation of vagina participate branches of the pudendus nerves coming from the nerves of the plexus sakralis except vegetative nerves.
RESERVES INFLUENCCE ON THE INCREASE OF WOOL AND MEAT
Sh. A. Lolashvili
As a result of three-times shearing of sheep, during the first 15-month of life, the average daily increament of live weight and the intensive growth of wool fiber in length were increased, the rudimentary follicle maturation was accelerated and more than one of hairy fibers were formed in a follicle, which are the most important reserve for the increase of meat and wool productivity of sheep.
AND TACTICS OF COMBAT AGAINST FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE IN ARMENIA AT MODERN STAGE
S.E. Nersisyan, G.E.
Voskanyan, T.H Markosyan, M.B.Kazaryan
The epizootological analysis of situations and longtime observation of the origin of epizootologycal flesh of the foot-and-mouth disease by different types of the virus in Armenia are presented in the work. There is offered an alternative strategy of combat at modern stage, as follows:
- obligatory annual systematic vaccination of the cattle by polivalente vaccine AOAzia-1 to conduct only in buffer zone that is to say, the border with Turkey and Iran region;
- in the rest regions of the vaccination the cattle monovalente vaccine of the type O;
- to organize the ubiquitous vaccination of the small horned live-stock against type O before achievement rack wellfares in current 3 years.
STUDYING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ANTI FOOT-IN-MOUTH DISEASE MONOVALENT AND
POLYVALENT VACCINES IN GEORGIA
O. I. Bakhutashvili, T.K.
Kurashvili, G.G. Saghirashvili, L.L. Tortladze
The effectiveness of anti Foot-and-Mouth Disease monovalent (Asia-1) and polyvalent (ÀÎAsia-1) vaccines is studied in Georgia. Post vaccine immune background of sheep and cattle is studied in industrial conditions, caustic test is held for ascertaining vaccine’s immunogenity. The results of vaccination by these vaccines are analyzed on the examples of 24 districts of Georgia; disease percent index for vaccinated animals is ascertained. The seasonal hesitation of Foot-and-Mouth Disease’s epizooty is studied in Georgia. Analysis of the received results indicated, that the maximum of Foot-and-Mouth Disease epizooty’s tension is marked during summer and autumn period and consequently is 32,0±10,15 and 47,32±16,32; While the mentioned indicators were 13,43±6,8 and 18,48±8,65 in winter and spring, which is almost 2,5 times less.
PATHOMORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN PIGS DURING HEPATODYSTROPHY AND ITS DIAGNOSTIC
Z.l. Makaradze, L.A. Makaradze
The presented scientific work drscribes developed pathomorphological changes during the hepatodystrophy of non-infectional and infectional (developed on the basis of colienterotoxsemy) origin and it is noted, that during the mentioned pathology of liver, as one of the most important organ's function and structure for life is sharply damaged, the process of its life is affected. By the researches, which were carried out at 15 pigs that died because of hepatodystrophy, it was identified, that both during infectional, noninfectious hepatodystrophy, developed changes in liver are basically presented by a sharp disturbance of circulation of blood, developing dystrophy and necrosis processes. The main basis for the development of the changes during hepatodystrophy is chronic poisoning caused by poor nutrition, but in case of colienterotoxsemy are toxins and organism's intoxication by pathogenic E-coli. Despite the fact that, discovered changes in both cases basically coincide, in case of colienterotoxsemy. They have most massive character and are developing in a shortest period of time.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE CHANGES IN THE MEMBRANES PHOSPHOLIPIDS COMPOSITION OF ERYTROCYTES AND LYMPHOCYTES AT LEUCOSIS OF CATTLEA
The research discovered, that the flow at leucosis process of cattle characterization by essential changes of erytrocytes and lymphocytes membrane phospholipiods composition, conditioned by activation of these splitting processes and possibly disorder process of syndeses. In turned out, that in erytrocytes and lympocytes membranes in sick cows observed reduction of phosphatiolylcholine level – 17.9 and 23.5% and increase of lyzophosphatidylcholine level – 11.2 and 14.4%. The increase of phospkatidylinozytol – 28.4 and 28.0% and dyphosphatidylglycyne (65.1 and 30%) levels was observed.
MILK PRODUCTIVITY AND CLINICAL INDICES OF CAUCASIAN BROWN IN HOT CLIMATE
A.R. Dolmazashvili, G.I. Gogoli,
G.I. Macharashvili, G.D.Khatiashvili
Caucasian Brown breed cow’s milk produ-ctivity and some clinical indices were studied In the livestock farms in the Alazani Valley. It is identified that when kept on pastures in the daytime and indoors and fed on concentrates during night time, they can give up to 3325 kg with 3,70% fat and 3,36 protein. For these conditions the average yield of milk is 2553 kg. with 3,77% fat and 3,40 protein. As a rule, cows that gave calves during autumn and winter milked 420-450 kg, more than the cows that gave birth in spring and in summer. During hot days the rectal temperature of several cows reached the upper physiological zone 40-40,2 0C. The pulse and breathing frequency of these cows were increased respectivtlity 1,4 and 1,95 times, more than for cows with normal body temperature.
INVESTIGATION OF SENSIBILITY OF Serpulina hyodysenteriae TO HOMOLOGUS
HYPERIMMUNE SERUM IN VITRO
Pathogenic intestinal spirochaetes of pigs including Serpulina hyodysenteriae , the cause of swine dysentery, lead to porcine colonic spirochaetosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the relative importance of Serpulina hyodysenteriae species in diarrhoeal disease of growing pigs on farms, and the antimicrobial susceptibilities of Serpulina hyodysenteriae from different regions of Armenia by testing in a newly developed broth dilution procedure. The results from the broth dilution susceptibility testing of 7of the isolates were compared with the results obtained for the same isolates using the agar dilution method. In vitro the development of the homologus antiserpulina hyperimmune serum resistance was from 0, 5 to 1, 0 ml, with pure culture of 2,5 õ 10 9 Serpulina hyodysenteriae from 0, 025 to 0, 05 ml. The hyperimmune serums are the antiserpulinal agents sufficient minimum inhibitory doses to treat 0, 2 ml/kg l.b. and to preventive precaution 0, 1 ml/kg l.b., i/m swine dysentery in Armenia.
OF USING SPIRULINA AS AN ACCESSORY NUTRIENT IN SERICULTURE
R.I.Goglidze*, N.B.Baramidze**, G.G.Gigolashvili*
The effect of blue green algae Spirulina platensis on the biological and economic indices of silkworm has been studied. It has shown, that addition of certain quantity of spirulina as suspension or powder in silkworm’s food (leaves), increases vitality of worm importantly, also, it grows quantity of green in egg laying and industrial indices of final product – silk cocoon.
COMPLEX CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHODS OF ESTIMATION OF THE QUALITY OF WINE PRODUCTION
B. S. Chernyaga, I. Sh.
Shatirishvili, Sh. I. Shatirishvili, K. I. Beriashvili
A chromadistillation method of studying aroma-forming volatile component in wine materials is proposed. The analysis of wine materials has shown that the principal merit of this method is that it can be combined with chromatographic analysis. Chromadistillation concentration, gas chromatographic separation, and detection are carried out by a single gas scheme, without any loss of the components under analysis. The composition of flavor-forming materials of wines and cognacs is investigated by the method of helium extraction with subsequent trapping on the sorbent “Texan”, followed by desorption of the extract on the cooling trap and transfer of the resulting extract into the chromatographic column. On the basis of the determination of carbonyl compounds in the composition of ordinary cognacs, by the method of reactional gas chromatography qualimetric models have been developed allowing to assess the influence of separate factors on the quality of wine production.
EFFICIENCY OF USING PITS – WASTE OF FOOD PRODUCTION
V. N. Yavruyan A. A. Zargaryan N. V. Yavruyan
The work presents the results of the researches of substantiation of the effectivity of utilization of food waste in the food production. It is proved, that food waste utilization of 40,0 thousands tones of fruit, processed in the tinned food factories of the Republic of Armenia provides overprofit equal to increasing the crop capacity of the horticultural crops by 45,6 %.Here is the calculation of an horticultural crop pits utilization enterprise economic effectiveness with productivity of 200 tons per year.It is proved, that the recoupment of capital investments is 0,74 per year.
ECONOMICAL EFFECT OF CALCULATION FOR CHEESE MAKING FROM MIXTURE OF COWS FAT FREE
MILK AND GOAT MILK
A.R.Beglaryan ,R.H.Aleksanyan, V.S.Ajvazyan
We developed the optimal quantity of cow free fat milk and goat milk in mixture and biotechnological qualities for cheese production. As a result of our research we came to the conclusion , that the substitution of 40% of goat milk to cow free fat milk using cold fementation and cheese mass processing, gives us economical effect on 293000 dram from 1 ton of cheese.
EFFECTS OF FOREST CONVERSION OF SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES) PLANTATIONS INTO
SITE-ADAPTED MIXED STANDS ON THE GROUND VEGETATION
Peter A. Schmidt & Maik Denner
In the Erzgebirge Mountains (Saxony, Germany), the influence of forest conversion on the ground vegetation was investigated. False time series served as a methodical approach, each spanning a time period from spruce monocultures via spruce stands with beech advance plantings of different age classes up to managed beech forests and near-natural reference forests. Dominance, species composition and species number of the herbaceous and moss layers reveal characteristic changes in the course of forest conversion. Indicator species were selected to characterize the state of the different forest stands and to evaluate the success of conversion in regard to nature conservation criteria.
INFLUENCE OF WIND PROTECTIVE BELTS ON THE WATER AND HEAT REGIMES OF THE ALLUVIAL
SOILS OF EAST GEORGIA
T.F. Urushadze, A.T. Urushadze
The paper analyzes the influence of the wind protective belts on the water and heat regimes of the alluvial soils of East Georgia. It has been stated that soils are characterized by two periods (of the accumulation and expenditure of water) and more or less similar heat regime.
POSSIBLE APPROACHES OF A POVERTY-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT POLICY: A GENERAL SURVEY
It can be stated that there are two ways available to combat the extensive poverty in the Third World: economic growth that aims for a wide effect and a policy of target group-oriented poverty reduction based on the concept of interpersonal income distribution. The present study describes the most important possible approaches to this, and discusses how this policy can be reconciled with the aim of economic growth.
SOCIAL INSURANCE AND PROVISION OF PENSIONS OF AGRICULTURAL POPULATION
S. G. Mamedova
In the article theoretical and practical questions of social insurance and provision with pensions of agricultural population are examined. Special attention is drawn to the problems of involving in the system of obligatory state of social insurance of family-country farms. A number of complexities arising in the provision of pensions of such numerous category of the population as ground proprietors is investigated. In the article an attempt of studying of possible ways and methods of the decision of examined problems is fulfilled.
ORGANIZATION MECHANISMS INCREASING EFFICIENCY OF USAGE OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY
IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
Based on the studies of supply level and conditions, as well as of the types of usage of agricultural machinery in the Republic of Armenia, the author identified problems existing in the sector mainly related to the low productivity level of engine aggregates, load disproportion of technical facilities caused by moral and physical depreciation of available fleet of machines, decrease of efficiency of machinery usage during post privatization period conditioned by numerous small farms and patches of land, etc. To improve the situation the author recommends introduction of mechanisms promoting the increase of the quality and accessibility of these supply services. Justifying the realistic and effective functioning of structures for joint usage of agricultural machinery in rural communities, the author presents detailed SWOT analysis on the opportunities and constrains for the establishment of such structures.
PRIORITIES OF ECONOMICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN GEORGIA UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS
In the article economical-technological environment of agriculture, its influence and characteristic peculiarities of Georgia are presented. The results of research according to the strategical priorities for the development of agriculture is shown. There is also given division of branches into “energy bringing” and “caloriec” accented on their global and local position for the development and integration concerning other branches of agriculture. It is underlined that new understanding of economical-technological environment is accumulated on informational technology as one of the main and independent elements. Such formulation derives from the main demands and motivation of complex integrated system of agriculture as well as total market economy. Discussing economical condition more deeply we can define the so called co- environment – it is marketing environment which has greatest influence on the whole system of economical growth. Taking into view peculiarities of economical-technological environment, it is separate agriculture having great traditions and potential, as well as branches of great perspective and strategical importance such as viticulture and fruit-growing and main subtropical branches such as tea-growing and citrus-growing and also branches of food industry functioning on the base of above mentioned branches.
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